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Jane Austen’s Persuasion, Vol. 1

September 15, 2017

Jane Austen, PersuasionMy Jane Austen group is reading Persuasion – eleven years since we last did it – because 2017 is the 200th anniversary of its publication. Of course I’ve read it several times, so, as you’ll know from my other Austen re-reads, my aim here is to focus on reflections from this read rather than to write a traditional review.

You’ll probably also know that my group often does slow reads of her novels, a volume at a time. Persuasion was published in two volumes, so last month we read Volume One. It finishes at Chapter 12, just after Louisa Musgrove has her fall at Lyme. This post is about this volume.

But first, I want to say something my relationship with Persuasion. I first read it in 1972 when the second TV miniseries was screened in Australia. I was reading it in tandem with the screening, and the night the last episode screened I sat up late to finish the last chapters. I’ll never forget my emotional response to it. I can’t remember whether the miniseries was a good one, but I sure thought the book was. Why?

Persuasion doesn’t have the sparkle of Pride and prejudice, nor the  young spoofy humour of Northanger Abbey, nor even the heroine we love to laugh at in Emma, but it is quiet, emotional and deeply felt. Its heroine Anne, at 27 years old, is Austen’s oldest. She’s caring, intelligent, but put upon by her unappreciative family – and yet we don’t feel she’s a pushover. The novel’s romance, when it comes, feels right and well-earned. No-one ever says that Austen should not have married Anne to her man the way some do about some of her other heroines such as Marianne in Sense and sensibility, and Fanny in Mansfield Park. No, when it comes to Persuasion, Austen fans are generally in agreement: it’s a lovely book in which the hero and heroine belong together. But, it’s about so much more too …

I’m not going to provide a summary, so if you need to refresh yourselves on the plot and characters please check Wikipedia.

A specific setting

I’m not sure why it is, but on this my nth (i.e. too many to count) reading of Persuasion, I suddenly noticed that it was the only book, really, that gives us a very specific date and that is set pretty much exactly contemporaneous with when Austen was writing it. It starts in “this present time, (the summer of 1814)” and ends in the first quarter of 1815. This period pretty much covers the hiatus in the Napoleonic Wars when Napoleon was exiled to Elba – and is why Naval Officers are out and about, on land and available for appearing in Persuasion! Sir Walter’s friend and advisor, Mr Shepherd tells him:

This peace will be turning all our rich Navy Officers ashore. They will all be wanting a home.

It is the appearance of the Navy and Austen’s contrasting the substance of naval officers with the superficiality of the aristocracy that gives Persuasion its particular interest – beyond its lovely story, I mean. It is very much a book about social change. (I should say, here, that Austen was partial to the Navy, having two successful Naval brothers)

Two themes

Anyhow, this idea and that relating to persuasion are developed in Volume 1 through various themes, two of which I’ll discuss here.

Appearance and Social status

That social status is a major concern is heralded on the book’s first page when we are told about Sir Walter’s favourite book: “he was a man who, for his own amusement, never took up any book but the Baronetage”. The narrator tells us soon after that:

Vanity was the beginning and the end of Sir Walter Elliot’s character; vanity of person and of situation.

However, he has not been sensible with his money, and needs to rent out his home Kellynch-hall, hence my earlier quote. But, Sir Walter doesn’t like the Navy, and his reasons convey two of the novel’s themes – the focus on status and the cult of appearance. His response to the idea of renting his home to a Naval officer is:

Yes; it is in two points offensive to me; I have two strong grounds of objection to it. First, as being the means of bringing persons of obscure birth into undue distinction, and raising men to honours which their fathers and grandfathers never dreamt of; and secondly, as it cuts up a man’s youth and vigour most horribly; a sailor grows old sooner than any other man …

This is of course ironic, because the naval officer, Admiral Croft, to whom he eventually agrees to rent the place is a thoroughly decent man (who removes Sir Walter’s myriad “looking glasses” when he takes residence). Croft also, Anne “fears”, looks after the Kellynch estate and its people far better than her family did. However, for Sir Walter, the only thing that matters is status.

As the novel progresses, the difference between the Navy and the aristocracy is further developed, but more on that anon.

Anne’s sister Mary is highly aware of her status as a Baronet’s daughter, and the “precedence” due to her. That she stands on this demonstrates her superficiality and lack of decent human feeling. She complains when she goes to her in-laws’ home that her mother-in-law does not always give her precedence. One of her sisters-in-law complains to Anne:

I wish any body could give Mary a hint that it would be a great deal better if she were not so very tenacious; especially, if she would not be always putting herself forward to take place of mamma. Nobody doubts her right to have precedence of mamma, but it would be more becoming in her not to be always insisting on it.

Later, after Louisa’s fall at Lyme, when it is suggested that calm, capable Anne remain behind to care for Louisa, Mary objects:

When the plan was made known to Mary, however, there was an end of all peace in it. She was so wretched, and so vehement, complained so much of injustice in being expected to go away, instead of Anne;—Anne, who was nothing to Louisa, while she was her sister …

Here again is Mary’s misplaced sense of “precedence”. It is also a lovely example of Austen’s plotting, because only a few chapters earlier Mary had refused to stay home from a family party to look after her own injured little boy, preferring Anne do it. Austen had set us up nicely to see the superficiality of Mary’s desire to care for her sister-in-law. The more you read Austen, as I’ve said before, the more you see how fine her plotting is.

Strength of character versus Persuasion (or the influence of others)

Another ongoing issue in the novel concerns strength of character. Captain Wentworth reflects on Anne’s lack thereof in refusing their engagement when she was 19:

He had not forgiven Anne Elliot. She had used him ill; deserted and disappointed him; and worse, she had shewn a feebleness of character in doing so, which his own decided, confident temper could not endure. She had given him up to oblige others. It had been the effect of over-persuasion. It had been weakness and timidity.

A little later, he praises Louisa Musgrove’s strength of mind, but we, the reader, realise her pronouncements are theoretical. She had not been put to the test. She says:

What!—would I be turned back from doing a thing that I had determined to do, and that I knew to be right, by the airs and interference of such a person?—or, of any person I may say. No,—I have no idea of being so easily persuaded. When I have made up my mind, I have made it.

Meanwhile, Louisa shares gossip about Anne, suggesting that Lady Russell, who had discouraged Anne from marrying Captain Wentworth, had also discouraged her from marrying Charles Musgrove (which of course reinforces for Wentworth the idea of Anne’s weakness of character).

… and papa and mamma always think it was her great friend Lady Russell’s doing, that she did not.—They think Charles might not be learned and bookish enough to please Lady Russell, and that therefore, she persuaded Anne to refuse him.

In this case, though, the decision was all the then 22-year-old Anne’s – but Wentworth only hears the gossip.

Henrietta adds to the chorus about Lady Russell’s persuasive power:

I wish Lady Russell lived at Uppercross, and were intimate with Dr. Shirley. I have always heard of Lady Russell, as a woman of the greatest influence with every body! I always look upon her as able to persuade a person to any thing!

You can see Austen building up the plot here, leading us to see Wentworth as unlikely to be interested in Anne again.

Persuasion, Lyme fall, CE Brock

Oh God! her father and mother (CE Brock, 1893?)

Anne, though, sees that firmness of character can go too far, that Louisa’s wilfulness against the advice of others had resulted in her potentially life-threatening fall. She wonders

whether it ever occurred to him now, to question the justness of his own previous opinion as to the universal felicity and advantage of firmness of character; and whether it might not strike him, that, like all other qualities of the mind, it should have its proportions and limits. She thought it could scarcely escape him to feel, that a persuadable temper might sometimes be as much in favour of happiness, as a very resolute character.

Will he see it her way? We’ll have to read Volume 2 to find out!

There’s a lot more I could say, but I think I’ve said enough. Next post I plan to take up the Navy issue a bit more …

26 Comments leave one →
  1. September 16, 2017 1:18 am

    I think it’s the gentlest novel. Do you agree?

  2. September 16, 2017 1:45 am

    I just re-read Persuasion this summer, so enjoyed reading your thoughts on it! Nothing brings history more alive than reading classic literature that makes connections with what we’ve learned in history books.

  3. Theresa Smith Writes permalink
    September 16, 2017 8:23 am

    I thoroughly enjoyed this piece you’ve written and look forward to your coverage of volume 2. You’ve made me want to pick up the novel all over again!

  4. September 16, 2017 10:53 am

    Persuasion is my favourite Austen – so thank you for these insights. I think you’ve ‘persuaded’ me to go back and read it yet again!

    • September 16, 2017 11:15 am

      It’s a special Austen isn’t it Michelle. I’m glad my powers of persuasion seem to be working – with you and Theresa for a start.

  5. September 16, 2017 11:11 am

    Thanks for this, Sue – Persuasion has always been my favourite Austen novel, for all the reasons that you cite above.

    • September 16, 2017 8:00 pm

      Thanks Ros. I think it’s a favourite of many – such a lovely, mature heroine. I always say that P&P is my sentimental favourite, and Persuasion by emotional one. But, then I feel disloyal saying that because I love other ones too!!

  6. September 17, 2017 6:34 pm

    I thought that style of illustration was familiar to I had a look in my mother’s set of Austens (Readers Union, JM Dent & Sons) and found that yes, her Persuasion was illustrated by Brock too, but it doesn’t have that particular picture. However, it has a beaut one of the scene in Ch 9 where Wentworth rescues Anne from Walter and disorders her feelings. I’ve posted it on your Facebook pages so that you can copy and use it if you want to, I’m sure the copyright is long expired on it.

    • September 17, 2017 8:19 pm

      Thanks very much Lisa. Yes, I’ve assumed that copyright on Brock’s illustrations has expired given they were around 1890s. My Mum’s Collins edition (I’m pretty sure) P&P has images from the 1939 film! You know, Greer Garson and Laurence Olivier! Not a very correct adaptation but fun!

      • September 17, 2017 9:45 pm

        Oh, yes, they’d be lovely. I really liked those B&W films, more faithful in their way than the modern adaptations.
        My own editions are just Penguins, with good introductions, but no pictures so I was very pleased to inherit the original Austens that I first read as a teenager. Somehow they escaped the ravages of the humidity on the Gold Coast and are still in good condition:)

        • September 17, 2017 10:03 pm

          I have a hodge podge collection of editions, usually at least two of each Austen. One of those is usually a Penguin. I’ve usually bought additional copies for the introduction or the annotations. Being classics they are not usually very expensive!

          Very pleased to hear your parents books survived that humidity. It certainly is tough on paper (and leather) isn’t it?

        • September 17, 2017 10:06 pm

          Oh yes. I try not to think about the lovely books that I don’t have…

        • September 17, 2017 10:42 pm

          Yes, best not to go there!

  7. September 18, 2017 3:34 am

    I love Persuasion for its subtlety. It feels a wonderfully understated novel in many ways. Austen draws out many themes and ideas but they are not pushed at us, you have to work a bit harder in this novel than with Northanger Abbey say, to tease them out as youve done so brilliantly

    • September 18, 2017 8:24 am

      Yes, Karen, I think that’s it. It’s gentle, subtle. The humour is there for example but it’s not in your face is it. And thanks!

  8. NeilAtKallaroo permalink
    September 19, 2017 1:13 pm

    I hadn’t. I was persuaded.I have! Modern books just aren’t as mellifluous as classics!

    By the way, Gums, does your book club have any makes in it?

    • September 19, 2017 6:37 pm

      Hi Neil. You’re right, they often aren’t though I wouldn’t be completely categorical about it.

      As you your other question. Do you mean any “males”? No, my bookclub is determinedly female only. It’s to do with how we started. However, my Jane Austen group is open to all. We have had two males over the years, but only one has remained as a regular. He stopped coming for a year or so – life things – but has reappeared recently and we are all really pleased to see him.

  9. NeilAtKallaroo permalink
    September 19, 2017 10:14 pm

    Yes, meant males. Autocorrect. Sigh. My wife suspected as much from the selection of books you read. I’d never really thought about it.

    • September 19, 2017 10:45 pm

      Haha, is it that obvious? Actually, it would have been particularly so in our first years where we read probably 80% women authors, but we are more varied now. (Five of this year’s 11 books are by male). Or is it more than the gender of the authors that she noticed?

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