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Tara June Winch, The yield (#BookReview)

April 10, 2020

Book coverTara June Winch’s novel, The yield, follows her impressive – and David Unaipon award-winning – debut novel Swallow the air (my review). Ten years in the making, The yield could be described as her “passion project”. It makes a powerful plea for Indigenous agency and culture.

I wrote about The yield’s genesis last year, but will repeat it here. It was inspired by a short course Winch did in Wiradjuri language run by Uncle Stan Grant Sr (father of Stan Grant whom I’ve reviewed here a couple of times). Discovering language was, she said, transformative, but turning her passion into a book proved tricky. She started with too broad a canvas, until her mentor, Nigerian Nobel Laureate Wole Soyinka, encouraged her to focus on 500 acres of land, telling her she could tell her story through that lens. So, she found her 500 acres on the Murrumbidgee, created fictional places – the Murrumby River, and the towns, Massacre Plains and Broken – and her novel started to take shape.

“that unhandsome truth”

But my, what a shape it takes. It has three, roughly alternating, narrative strands, each quite different in style but each reflecting or enhancing the other two. They are:

  • Poppy Albert Gondiwindi, dictionary writer, first person narrator. He is dying but is also a time-traveller, so, Winch said, his story has elements of magical realism. It’s told through the words in his dictionary, starting at the end of the alphabet, “a nod to the backwards whitefella world I grew up in”. “The dictionary”, Poppy says, “is not just words – there are little stories in those pages too.” There sure are. Through them Poppy tells the story of his and his people’s lives; he passes on as much of their culture as he has learnt and can tell; and he shares his hopes and values:

respectyindyamarra I think I’ve come to realise that with some things, you cannot receive them unless you give them too. Unless you’ve even got the opportunity to give and receive. Only equals can share respect, otherwise it’s a game of masters and slaves – someone always has the upper hand when they are demanding respect. But yindyamarra is another thing too, it’s a way of life – a life of kindness, gentleness and respect at once. That seems like a good thing to share, our yindyamarra.

  • August Gondiwindi, Poppy’s grand-daughter, third person voice. She tells a contemporary story of the 500 acres where the Gondiwindis live, and the challenges faced, including from mining and river degradation. Her story is about finding her place after living overseas for ten years. It’s a quest story, in a way, a little like that of Swallow the air’s protagonist. We meet her in Chapter 2 as she hears of the death of Poppy:

She knew that she had once known the beloved land where the sun slapped the barren earth with an open palm and knew too that she would return for the funeral … go back and try to find all the things she couldn’t find so many thousands of kilometres away.

(“Where the sun slapped the barren earth with an open palm”. Winch’s language throughout is gorgeous.)

  • Reverend Ferdinand Greenleaf, Lutheran missionary, first person voice. Winch created him, she said, to “round” out the story. He’s her villain, but she gives some balance, humanity, to him by sharing his own experience of loss of home and mother tongue. His story is told through the letter he writes in 1915 to Dr George Cross of the British Society of Ethnography about his experiences running a mission from the 1880s. The first instalment ends with why he is writing it:

To tell how wrongs became accepted as rights. … I will tell that unhandsome truth, even if it will amount to last words. The circumstances and the times demand it.

His story is the most problematic for readers because he, with good intentions, established the ironically named mission, Prosperous House, near the non-ironically named town of Massacre Plains. Indeed, Poppy writes in his dictionary that the Reverend was “the only good white gudyi” he’d known, gudyi meaning medicine man, priest, conjuror. Greenleaf’s heart is in the right place – having seen the “the vile inhumanity practised by the white-skinned Christian on his dark-skinned brother in order to obtain land and residence, for ‘peaceful acquisition'” – but of course he is a man of his times and his paternalistic actions have their own consequences. August sees the paradox in his “trying to protect those ancestors at the same time as punishing them”, while her aunt Missy takes a harsher stance.

These three stories span over 100 years from the late nineteenth century to the present, with Poppy Albert’s dictionary providing the novel’s backbone, spiritually, culturally, and plot-wise. August’s story, on the other hand, provides its emotional heart, while Greenleaf’s provides important historical context.

The stories don’t, then, just meander along side by side for their own sakes. Each contributes to an overall plot which concerns a proposed mine, and efforts to stop it – a story that is broadly reminiscent of non-Indigenous Australian author Madelaine Dickie’s Red can origami (my review). In both stories the Indigenous people need to invoke Native Title if they are to have a chance of stopping the mine, and in both stories competing interests and loyalties, not to mention a helping of skulduggery, work to prevent the Indigenous owners from progressing their claim.

In Winch’s story, Poppy’s dictionary, which documents not only language but his people’s ongoing connection to the land, together with a collection of artefacts that had been donated to a museum by local rich landowners, and the information in Reverend Greenleaf’s letter, are critical to the Native Title claim. August and her family’s challenge is to realise the relevance of and/or discover and locate these “proofs”, while others try to foil them. It’s the oft-repeated story across Australia when traditional owners, protestors and landowners, with competing or criss-crossing interests, confront development, particularly mines.

Threading through all this is the novel’s heart, August’s journey to find herself and her place of belonging, as she navigates her people’s painful history of being “torn apart”, of massacres and dispossession, of racism, of incarceration, and of abuse from both within and without her culture. These are stories we’ve heard before. However, Winch keeps them fresh and urgent by engaging with contemporary thought (concerning, for example, Indigenous agricultural practice and the idea of slavery) and by creating characters who feel real and authentic, who are complicated like those in Melissa Lucashenko’s Too much lip (my review), rather than simple mouthpieces for ideology.

For all the anger and sadness in the book, it is also a positive – perhaps even hopeful – one. Early on, Poppy’s wife and August’s grandmother, Elsie, tells her, “Please don’t be a victim”. This is, I’d say, Winch’s plea to her people, and is reinforced by Poppy’s dictionary words at the end in which he says the time for shame is over. It is time, in other words, to heal, to be proud, to embrace country with confidence.

The yield is a rewarding read. Its three very different voices challenge our minds to think carefully about what we are reading, while its plot and characters engage our hearts. I would be happy to see it win the Stella Prize next week.

Challenge logoLisa (ANZLitLovers) also loved the book and includes examples from Poppy’s dictionary.

Tara June Winch
The yield
Hamish Hamilton, 2019
344pp.
ISBN: 9780143785750

33 Comments leave one →
  1. April 10, 2020 2:45 pm

    All parts of the story rang true – and the fictionalised places all have pretty direct locations which I have visited across the western Bidgee River plains and points either side. I relished this book therefore – as much for its resurrection of language as for its retelling of history and all the disparate parts that pertain to the First Nations peoplers of Australia. Noel BEDDOES’ The Yalda Crossing – in part – tells an earlier chapter in the story.

    • April 10, 2020 2:48 pm

      Thanks Jim. Yes, I understand that Massacre and Broken are names elsewhere in Australia. I don’t know that Beddoes’ book.

  2. April 10, 2020 3:01 pm

    Thanks for the mention, Sue. I have high hopes for this book, not just for the Stella (though I’m glad I don’t have to choose among the other titles I liked, I would be a complete wimp as a judge!) but also as a book that will be widely read.

    • April 10, 2020 3:47 pm

      Yes, I do too, Lisa, and yes, I’d be a wimp as a judge also. Would hate to do it.

  3. April 10, 2020 3:15 pm

    I loved this book and was so pleased to see it on the Stella 2020 shortlist.

    • April 10, 2020 3:51 pm

      Thanks Denise … I was too. It’s also on the NSW Premier’s Literary Awards shortlist. Hopefully it will be on more.

  4. April 10, 2020 3:55 pm

    I’m hoping to get to this book very soon. I bought a copy not long after It was published last year but too many other things have been vying for my attention. Your review is a nice reminder that I should unearth it!

    • April 10, 2020 4:15 pm

      I had it for a while too kimbofo, but with its shortlisting for so many awards I figured it was time to read it. It’s a great read.

  5. April 10, 2020 4:22 pm

    Well then, it should. Fingers crossed.
    The skill and artistry of novelists is, to me, astounding: I couldn’t conceivably work out all the plots and sub-plots and the threads that join them.
    Your skill is in telling us about them so that we have a good understanding of their framework and some understanding of the people within it, but never doing more than painting a sketch. That seems to me to be just about as clever as doing the writing !

    • April 10, 2020 5:18 pm

      Thanks M-R. But, really, you’ll have to read – oops listen to – the book now to see if I’ve led you up the garden path. Your praise might change then!

  6. April 10, 2020 4:31 pm

    This sounds like a fascinating read. Thanks for posting about it..

  7. April 10, 2020 7:31 pm

    Super review. The book sounds ambitious and complex. Tying such disparate elements together can be tricky, but based on your commentary it seems like it all works well here. The plot devices of the dictionary, the 500 acres of land, and the magical realism, all sound fascinating.

    • April 10, 2020 8:05 pm

      Thanks Brian. I can imagine the work that she put into putting this all together but the end result is such a good read.

  8. blessedreams permalink
    April 10, 2020 7:45 pm

    Really admirable book and review!! More expected…

    • April 10, 2020 7:57 pm

      Thanks very much BlessedDreams. I agree about the book, and am glad you liked the review. I enjoyed writing it, though wasn’t sure I’d done it justice.

      • blessedreams permalink
        April 10, 2020 9:35 pm

        You are most welcome!

  9. April 10, 2020 9:09 pm

    Oh my, another ‘should’ read. So many of those! I like the idea how she was mentored to focus on just 500 acres of land. A really good idea to narrow it down but still include what she wanted to in this. I enjoyed hearing about this book.

  10. April 11, 2020 12:19 pm

    You’ve got me again, Sue. I’ve added this to my list.

    • April 11, 2020 4:02 pm

      Excellent, Rose! I hope you like it if it manages to get off your list and into your hands!

  11. April 11, 2020 1:06 pm

    Louisa Lawson was born around Wagga and I think it was in researching her life that I came across … No that’s not right, it was Mary Gilmore, whose Wiradjuri nurse told her that whites had ‘a licence’ to wipe out Blacks in that area, which of course has been long denied.

    • April 11, 2020 4:03 pm

      Deny it all they like, it seems that they “felt” they did whether they technically did or not, and it amounted to the same thing.

  12. April 13, 2020 6:47 pm

    My favourite book of 2019 and my contender for the Stella. I’ll be very disappointed if it doesn’t get the nod. Thanks for the origin story at the start. I didn’t know about that & like the 500 acres suggestion.

    • April 13, 2020 9:38 pm

      Thanks Brona. I haven’t read all the shortlist but I’d be very happy to see it win.

  13. April 14, 2020 11:29 pm

    Thanks for your review.  I have liked her writing and tried to find this book here.  Given what you say, I will keep trying.

Trackbacks

  1. The Yield by Tara June Winch | booksaremyfavouriteandbest
  2. The Yield by Tara June Winch | The Echidna and the Fox
  3. ‘The Yield’ by Tara June Winch – Reading Matters

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