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Enza Gandolfo, The bridge (#Bookreview)

May 25, 2019

Book coverIf there are people I admire more than any others, it’s those who are able to empathise with, and forgive, someone who has done them great wrong. This complex question of forgiveness – of self and of others – is one of the issues explored in Enza Gandolfo’s Stella Prize short-listed novel, The bridge. However, it’s only one aspect of this intelligent, moving book.

Melburnians, and Australians of a certain age, will remember the West Gate Bridge disaster in 1970. The bridge collapsed during construction, killing 35 and injuring 18 of the 60 workers there at the time. It was, and still is I believe, Australia’s worst industrial accident, and it frames Gandolfo’s book. The novel starts in 1970, introducing us to 22-year-old Italian-born Antonello and his workmates, another Italian Sam, and Slav (whose nickname conveys his origins). Gandolfo quickly sets up the scene – the bonding between these men, and something of their lives and aspirations – before describing the collapse in the next chapter. She captures the horror of those hours in clear, descriptive, but not overblown language that perfectly captures the shock, panic and emotion of the event for all who experienced it – the workers, their families and those in the vicinity.

Antonello survives, but some of his friends don’t, and nor does his boss, Bob, who’d been “like a father” to him. Antonello, along with Bob and his mates, had started to realise that things weren’t right, but, as a rigger, he had no formal responsibility for what happened. However, guilt and trauma attach to him. His lovely relationship with his young wife Paolina survives, but is never quite the same. Gandolfo conveys so well how devastating to a life – to lives – a traumatic event can be, how life can change in a moment. You understand why, these days, counsellors are immediately sent in when tragedies occur.

The book then jumps, in Chapter 4, to 2009, and we meet 19-year-old Jo. Like Antonello she belongs to the working class. She lives in a rather dilapidated weatherboard house near the bridge, with her single supermarket worker mother, Mandy. She is in her last year of school, and has a best friend, Ashleigh, who comes from a comfortable middle-class family where the mother is a high school principal. Jo is the needier of the two, Ashleigh being more clever, more confident, and increasingly more involved with her boyfriend. Jo feels she’s losing her.

And now, here’s the challenge reviewers face. How much to give away of the story. What happens next, happens before a third of the novel is over, and you see it coming, but nonetheless it’s a shock, so I won’t give it away. (I note that some reviewers have, and some haven’t.) Let’s just say that a tragedy ensues and Jo is responsible – and, as it turns out, her friend Ashleigh is Antonello’s grand-daughter.

So, given I’ve decided not to spoil the plot, how best to discuss the rest of the novel, which still has over 250 pages to go?

Well, I could talk about the writing and characterisation. The novel is told chronologically, in third person, from multiple perspectives – from Antonello and Jo of course, but also Mandy, a legal aid lawyer Sarah, and a few others later in the novel. Gandolfo captures their feelings with such sensitivity and realism that by the time the novel is over we feel we know them. We experience their emotions, and go through their thought processes with them as they ponder what’s happened and whether they can possibly keep living in the face of their respective tragedies. It feels so true – and because of that, it breaks our hearts, more than once.

Then there’s the bridge. Its prime meaning here is literal, of course, but it is a gift to a writer because bridges can represent so many things – positive or negative, or, paradoxically both – that are reflected in this novel. They can symbolise progress, for example, but West Gate, which would bring two worlds closer together, was not seen positively by all:

“We don’t want those rich bastards coming over to the west”, was the general sentiment.

Bridges can also suggest connection and transition. In this novel, transition encompasses the idea of social mobility, which West Gate exposes, but it can also mean the transitions individuals make psychologically. It is this latter, often aided by the good connections that can occur between people, that ultimately brings some redemption in the novel.

This brings me to Gandolfo’s themes. Antonello, who has suffered from PTSD since the accident, realises late in the novel that his friend Sam, who had become a union activist, had made the more positive choice. It takes him a long time but finally he learns the lesson:

For years, the most persistent impulse was towards death; a desire to stop living … But life didn’t stop. It went on whether you lived it or not. You have to choose life. This is what he needed to tell them – if you stop living, you may as well die. If you stop living, you aren’t going to be able to love again, and everyone you know will pay for that, everyone.

Empathetic Paolina has always known this, but it’s a lesson that comes hard to the other characters. Anger, revenge, guilt – depending on their role in the events that occur – overwhelm them. And it is Antonello who is the lynchpin. He is able to help Jo, telling her that the best thing she can do is forgive herself and allow herself to live. Similarly, he encourages his own family not to succumb to the sadness, anger and bitterness which brought him such waste and pain.

Enza Gandolfo’s achievement is impressive. She presents us with a bunch of flawed – as in ordinary – characters, and she puts them in terrible but not unrealistic situations. She then has them experience all the emotions that you would expect. And she doesn’t judge. Instead, she makes us feel, confronting us to think about how we would react, and hoping that we will come to the same conclusion that Antonello does.

A character I’ve only briefly mentioned is Sarah, Jo’s legal aid lawyer. She talks about the storytelling aspect of trials:

That was the danger of a good story: you could elicit pity and empathy for even the worst sociopath … Sarah believed telling good stories, the ones people listened to and were swayed by, was a responsibility. It worried her that some people did not take it seriously enough.

It’s not a big leap, I’d say, to suggest that Gandolfo would extend this responsibility to novelists – and in The bridge, she shows what a responsible story can look like. Such a novel.

Lisa (ANZLitLovers) was also moved by this book.

AWW Challenge 2019 BadgeEnza Gandolfo
The bridge
Brunswick: Scribe, 2018
375pp.
ISBN: 9781925713015

24 Comments leave one →
  1. May 25, 2019 9:11 pm

    Such a book! Indeed yes. This is one of those rare books that impacts on how I see the world. Absolutely unforgettable.
    PS Thanks for the link.

    • May 25, 2019 9:33 pm

      Yes, I loved it Lisa. And, my book group is going to do it later this year. It will be really interesting to see how everyone reacts to it. I can never guess.

      • May 26, 2019 10:01 am

        I suspect it will be polarising, but in a good way. All of us have differing ideas about justice and punishment, but The Bridge doesn’t allow us to make easy judgments or to turn away from the consequences.

  2. May 25, 2019 9:23 pm

    Yes, how to review this book without giving away plot spoilers is a challenge, isn’t it? I admit I struggled a bit with this book … it felt so bleak in places… but it picked up towards the end and I found it so incredibly moving I had to get the tissues out 😢

    • May 25, 2019 9:41 pm

      Yes, I’m pretty late to this party, kimbofo. I think all the main Australian litbloggers have done it before me!

      That’s interesting that you struggled. It was bleak, but it always felt very human to me which I think made it not discouraging. I cared about every character there … and just wanted them all to come through it with their humanity intact. I struggle with gratuitous violence – and avoid that – but sad stories like this don’t stop me, even though they can definitely depress my emotions for a while.

      It’s the sort of book you want to write a proper essay or criticism about rather than a review, isn’t it, because there I think you can forget spoilers and really get into it.

  3. May 25, 2019 9:49 pm

    Agree, such a book. Yes, tricky to review without giving the story away but you’ve picked out all the elements that makes this book so good.

    I thought it showed how ‘guilt’ is not straightforward – that it’s experienced in different ways, that it can be tested in a legal sense but have different dimensions in a moral sense (Jo and Mandy, and also Antonello).

    WHY wasn’t this book on the Miles Franklin list?!

    • May 25, 2019 9:58 pm

      Yes, good point about guilt Kate – and the legal and moral dimensions of it.

      I know, why? It, and Too much lip, are great novels which really dig into our humanity with such warmth and realism.

  4. May 25, 2019 11:58 pm

    Great review. The plot and themes of this one sound so good. A bridge collapse indeed has symbolism written all over it.

    The characters also sound very well crafted. You raise an interesting point about the author not judging the characters. I have found that some authors do judge their characters, some do not. Both ways of story telling can be equality effective in the right hands.

    • May 26, 2019 8:37 am

      True Brian… It does depend on the author being very conscious about what they are doing, what their aim is, doesn’t it?

  5. May 26, 2019 6:29 am

    Awards are subjective, whether made by 5 or 50: they can never be anything but. So they mostly infuriate. Your review makes me think that The Bridge is a book that does this in terms of not making the MF cut.
    You are a clever thing, ST: you never fail to have me thinking how rarified a craft is the reviewing of books.

    • May 26, 2019 8:40 am

      They are MR, which is exactly why, in a way, we should not let them infuriate! We should say, oh well, that’s just three, or whatever, people’s opinions, and perhaps sometimes two because majority must sometimes rule!

  6. May 26, 2019 8:52 am

    This was such an important (and personal) read for me. I wish it had won at least one of the recent awards it was nominated for.

    • May 26, 2019 9:00 am

      It’s an excellent book Theresa, I agree. I’m sorry it wasn’t even short-listed did the MF.

      • May 26, 2019 9:05 am

        It’s now in the high school library where I work. It’s one of those books I’d love to one day see on the senior curriculum. So relevant.

        • May 26, 2019 9:53 am

          Oh yes. It would be a great book for that age group, Theresa, you are right. So many things for them to get their teeth into… Content and ideas, plus style too.

  7. buriedinprint permalink
    May 27, 2019 1:24 am

    I’d love to read this one. Bridges are a thing for me, for all the reasons you’ve cited – such a great structure around which to situate a fiction. It doesn’t look like the rights are available in Canada yet, but I do have a few *coughs* (okay, nearly all) left to left on previous years’ Stella lists in the meantime. Still, when you read more than one good review of a new one, you do get itchy, don’t you. (Too Much Lip is in our system, but reference only.)

    • May 27, 2019 8:28 am

      You’re doing well to even try to follow them Buried. But yes you do get itchy. That’s for sure.

  8. Moira Nolan permalink
    May 27, 2019 7:35 am

    Thank you for your review, whispering gums. I look forward to reading it.

  9. May 27, 2019 7:38 pm

    I turned my back on the Bridge, literally, and so didn’t see it collapse. I was working on 32 south wharf, so quite close, but took my truck up the other end of the sheds to buy a bag of hot donuts, and the seller told me the span had fallen. None of all these many reviews has tempted me to read the book, I don’t know why.

    • May 27, 2019 7:49 pm

      That’s a shame Bill because it’s an excellent read, but no point pushing it if it’s not calling to you.

  10. May 28, 2019 12:55 pm

    I hope to read this shortly.

    • May 28, 2019 2:09 pm

      Oh good Jennifer. I hope you find it as moving and worthwhile a read as most of us have.

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